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1 APAN (Asia-Pacific Advanced Network ) is a non-profit international consortium established on 3 June 1997.
APAN is designed to be a high-performance network for research and development on advanced next
generation applications and services. APAN provides an advanced networking environment for the research
and education community in the Asia-Pacific region, and promotes global collaboration.
2 “Asia Pacific Networking Group (APNG) is an Internet organization dedicated to the advancement
of networking infrastructure in this region and to the research and development of all associated enabling technologies.Its mission is to promote the Internet and the coordination of network inter-connectivity in the Asia Pacific Region. It also represents the “Asia Pacific Next Generation” raising the voice of the Next
Generation of the region. “
3 “TEIN2 (Trans-Eurasia Information Network) is the first large-scale research and education network for the
Asia-Pacific. It connects ten countries in the region, and provides direct connectivity to Europe’s GÉANT2
4 “The GÉANT project was a collaboration between 26 National Research and Education Networks representing
30 countries across Europe, the European Commission, and DANTE.”
5 “The EUMEDCONNECT project is a pioneering initiative to establish and operate an IP-based network in the
Mediterranean region. Countries in the Mediterranean region able to benefit from the EUMEDCONNECT
project are Algeria, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority,
Syria, Tunisia and Turkey.”
6 “The ALICE (America Latina Interconectada Con Europa) project was set up in 2003 to develop the RedCLARA
network, which provides IP research network infrastructure within the Latin American region and towards
Europe. It is managed by DANTE, and is 80% funded by the European Commission. It has 4 European and
19 Latin American partners, including the Latin American research networking association CLARA. “
7 Addressing the challenge of responsible Internet resource distribution in the Asia Pacific region
8 “SANOG was started to bring together operators for educational as well as co-operation. SANOG provides
a regional forum to discuss operational issues and technologies of interest to data operators in the South
Asian Region. The main objective is educational, but at the same time gives vendors a chance to talk
to ngineers about newer technology and products on the sidelines. Engineers get to talk to each other
about experiences, benefit the entire community. This non commercial people networking is in line with established practices like NANOG in North America, RIPE Meetings in Europe and APRICOT in Asia.”
9 “Asia & Pacific Internet Association (APIA), established in 1997, is a non-profit trade association
whose aim is to promote the common business interests of the Internet-related service industry in the Asia
Pacific region.”
10 “Throughout Asia and the Pacific Rim, Internet service providers, backbone and regional networks,
web hosting facilities, firewalls, and Intranets are being created, deployed, and installed at a staggering pace.
The technicians, managers, entrepeneurs and decision-makers responsible are under tremendous pressure
to master the skills necessary to build and operate these increasingly complex systems.”
11 The Internet Society is an independent international nonprofit organisation founded in 1992 to provide leadership in Internet related standards, education, and policy around the world.
12 “ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over
the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition
and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers.”
13 The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is the body responsible for coordinating some of the key elements that keep the Internet running smoothly. Whilst the Internet is renowned for being a worldwide network free from central coordination, there is a technical need for some key parts of the Internet to be globally coordinated – and this coordination role is undertaken by IANA.
14 “The CERT® Program is part of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), a federally funded research and
development center at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Following the Morris worm
incident, which brought 10 percent of internet systems to a halt in November 1988, the Defense Advanced
Research Projects Agency (DARPA) charged the SEI with setting up a center to coordinate communication
among experts during security emergencies and to help prevent future incidents. This center was named
the CERT Coordination Center (CERT/CC).”